Organic farming is merely a niche model of agriculture that is not capable of helping to feed the global population in any serious way. Although that’s what the detractors like to claim, the evidence suggests otherwise.
In the 2006 book The impact of organic farming on food security in a regional and global perspective, Halberg and colleagues argue that if a conversion to organic farming of approximately 50 per cent of the agricultural area in the Global South were to be carried out, it would result in increased self-sufficiency and decreased net food import to the region.
Following on from this, in the book Organic Agriculture for Sustainable Livelihioods (2013), Halberg and Muller suggest that organic crops tend to provide farmers with a higher net income compared to their conventional counterparts due to lower production costs. They provide convincing evidence that organic farming has a positive influence on smallholder food security and livelihoods, which is important given that smallholder agriculture is key to food production in the Global South, where food insecurity is most prevalent.
Their analysis indicates that organic farming promotes crop diversity, improves worker health due to less chemical exposure, increases farmland biodiversity, lowers pollution, increases soil fertility and is less financially risky due to… see the entire article.